The National Center for Evidence-Based Practice
in Communication Disorders
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Melodic Intonation Therapy



External Scientific Evidence


Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines

No evidence-based practice guidelines were found.

Evidence-Based Systematic Reviews

Music in the Treatment of Neurological Language and Speech Disorders: A Systematic Review
Hurkmans, J., de Bruijn, M., et al. (2012).
Aphasiology, 26(1), 1-19

This review meets the criteria for a high-quality evidence-based systematic review.
Added: May 2012
This is a review of published research studies investigating the effectiveness of Speech-Music Therapy for Aphasia (SMTA), a combination of speech-language pathology and music therapy to treat individuals with aphasia
  • All studies reported positive results from treatment; the majority of which (9/15) investigated the use of melodic intonation therapy (MIT) or modified-MIT. However, treatment outcomes varied across studies and methodological quality of studies was considered low.
  • The authors suggest that "no conclusions can yet be drawn with regard to the effect of the use of musical elements in the treatment of individuals with acquired neurological disorders" (p. 16). Further research is warranted. 
Melodic Intonation Therapy: Present Controversies and Future Opportunities
van der Meulen, I., van de Sandt-Koenderman, M. E., et al. (2012).
Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 93(Suppl 1), S46-52
Added: May 2012 
This is a review of research literature investigating the use of melodic intonation therapy (MIT) for the treatment of individuals with aphasia
Overall, the studies found positive effects for the use of MIT to improve verbal production in individuals with aphasia. The majority of participants were in the chronic phase of recovery. Further research is warranted as many studies were exploratory case studies or case series pre- and post-test designs

Clinical Expertise/Expert Opinion

Consensus Guidelines  
No consensus guidelines were found. 

Client/Patient/Caregiver Perspectives

No information was found pertaining to client/patient/caregiver perspectives.
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